Eastern Samar

BRIEF DESCRIPTION 

Eastern Samar had been a significant backdrop of the country’s rich colonial history through the island of Homonhon, where Ferdinand Magellan first set foot on Philippine soil in 1521 on his way to conquer the Philippines for the western world. Its tiny island of Suluan Guiuan was likewise where the U.S. Army rangers had their first encounter of the Philippine territory in 1944, three days before General Douglas MacArthur made his historic landing in Leyte. 

In his account, Pigafetta, the chronicler aboard Magellan’s ship, describes the island of Humumu, now Homonhon, as so: “We found two fountains of very clear water, we called it the `Waters of Good Signs,’ having found the first sign of gold in the said island. There also can be found much white coral and tall trees that bear fruits smaller than an almond and look like pines. There were also many palm trees, some of the good kind, some of the bad. Thereabouts are many neighboring islands. Hence, we called them the St. Lazarus Archipelago because we stayed there on the day and feast of St. Lazarus.” 

Historians have since described this part of Samar Island as the “eastern gateway to the Philippines.” The coast of the small province faces the Pacific Ocean and much of the land is rugged with the vast parts forested. The interior part is rough and hilly and covered with dense tropical vegetation but drained by numerous rivers and creeks. Mountain ranges and peaks abound in an interior. Narrow plains hug most of the coastal areas and, in some instances, the banks of its principal rivers and their tributaries. 

GEOGRAPHY 

The province occupies a total land area of 4,470.75 sq. km. It is bounded on the north by Northern Samar, on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the west by Western Samar, and on the south by the Leyte Gulf. 

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 

The province is composed of 23 towns. Capital is Borongan. 

POPULATION 

As of the 1995 census, the provincial population was 58,285. 

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS 

Waray-waray is the major dialect spoken in the province.

  • No events listed this month.
  • NATIONAL ARTS MONTH

    Nationwide

    February 1- February 28

  • HOMONHON LANDING

    Homonhon, Eastern Samar

    March 16

  • TORUGPO

    Carigara, Leyte

    March 22

  • SINUGDAN/COMMEMORATION OF THE FIRST CHRISTIAN MASS

    Limasawa Island, Southern Leyte

    March 31

  • PAMALANDONG HA PALO

    Palo, Leyte

    April 6

  • SUNDUAN HA CARIGARA

    Carigara, Leyte

    April 8

  • SANGGUTAN FESTIVAL

    Barugo, Leyte

    May 18

  • LINGGANAY FESTIVAL

    Alang-alang, Leyte

    June 18

  • SUBIRAN REGATTA

    Family Park, Cancabato Bay, Tacloban City

    June 28

  • PINTADOS FESTIVAL

    Tacloban City, Leyte

    June 27

  • BALYUAN RITES

    Taclobay City, Leyte

    June 20

  • IKID-IKID SA HONONGANAN FESTIVAL

    Hinunangan, Southern Leyte

    June 25

  • 16TH LEYTE KASADYAAN FESTIVAL OF FESTIVALS STREET DANCE AND RITUAL DANCE COMPETITION

    Leyte Sports and Development Center, Tacloban City, Leyte

    June 27

  • BITUON HAN LEYTE KASADYAAN

    Leyte Pintados-Kasadyaan Festival Park, Tacloban City

    June 25

  • CCLS PHOTO COMPETITION AND EXHIBIT

    Venue to be finalized by organizers

    June 27

  • TOURISM, CULTURE and HERITAGE SHOWCASE

    Leyte (Venue to be finalized by organizers)

    June 27-29

  • IBID FESTIVAL

    Caibiran, Biliran

    July 23

  • SINUGDAN FESTIVAL

    Maasin City, Southern Leyte

    July 1

  • LUBI-LUBI (COCONUT) FESTIVAL

    Calubian, Leyte

    August 15

  • PASAKA

    Tanauan, Leyte

    August 15

  • BUYOGAN FESTIVAL

    Abuyog, Leyte

    August 29

  • PASAKA FESTIVAL

    Tanauan, Leyte

    August 14

  • SARAKIKI-HADANG FESTIVAL

    Calbayog City, Western Samar

    September 7

  • BALANGIGA ANNIVERSARY

    Balangiga, Eastern Samar

    September 28

  • KARATONG FESTIVAL

    Dulag, Leyte

    September 7

  • BEACHURERO FESTIVAL

    Tacloban City

    September 10

  • KAPLAG FESTIVAL

    Mahaplag, Leyte

    September 28

  • LEYTE GULF LANDING ANNIVERSARY

    Dulag and Palo, Leyte

    October 20

  • OKTUBA FEST

    Leyte Park Hotel Convention Center

    October 23

  • Octubafest

    Leyte Park Resort, Tacloban City

    October 14

  • No events listed this month.
  • KARISYOHAN HAN PASKO HA PALO

    Palo, Leyte

    December 6- January 6